What is OpenCV?
OpenCV stands for Open Source Computer Vision. It is a library of programming functions mainly aimed at real-time computer vision, developed by Intel Russia research center. As the name suggests, it is free for use under the open source BSD license. The library is cross platform i.e. it can be used & merged along with the other programming languages. It focuses mainly on real-time image processing. At the time of development, it is written in C/C++.
Python is highly compatible with OpenCV, this is the reason for the selection of Python with OpenCV by most of the developers working on Image Processing.
For further information about OpenCV, one can refer the official website www.opencv.org
Installation guide for OpenCV with Python:
Step I: Download & Install Python
First download Python from www.python.org/download/windows for Windows & install Python 2.7. Leave all settings as default. In that case, Python will be installed in default folder C:\Python27\
Step II: Download & Install Numpy
Now download Numpy from www.scipy.org/scipylib/download.html . Again leave everything default. Numpy will find Python directory and will be installed to most appropriate folder.
Step III: Download & Install OpenCV
Download OpenCV from www.opencv.org/downloads.html & double-click OpenCV.exe. It will ask for the extraction folder. Let it as just C:\. It will extract all files to C:\opencv\ . Wait until everything is extracted.
Step IV: Copy files to Python from OpenCV
Now copy everything from the folder C:\opencv\build\python\x86\2.7\ ( most probably, there will be only one file i.e. cv2.pyd ) and paste it in the folder C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages\
Step V: Run Python IDLE
Now open “Python IDLE” ( from Start > All Programmes > Python 2.7 > Python IDLE ) and just type following :
This will import the cv2 module.
P.S. You can also run the sample files from the folder C:\opencv\samples\python2 by just double-clicking on it.